Сибирское медицинское обозрение. 2017. № 2 View full textКоличество просмотров : 17212
Kuzmina O.K., Rutkovskaya N.V.
MYOCARDIUM REMODELING IN THE HEART VALVES DISORDERS
Kuzmina OK, Rutkovskaya NV. Myocardial remodeling in patients with heart valves disorders. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):5-14. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-5-14.
Kuzmina Olga Konstantinovna ; Research Institute for Complexlssues of Cardiovascular Diseases; г. Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, д. 6; тел.: +7(3842)644317; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rutkovskaya Natalya Vital'evna ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; г. Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, д. 6;тел.:+7(3842)645360; e-mail: email@example.com
Acquired heart diseases are very serious pathologies, the main and most effective method of its correction remains valve apparatus prosthetic. The aim of surgical interventions is not only increasing the life expectancy of patients, but also improving its quality, it is achieved by the adequate correction of hemodynamic disorders and largely depends on the possibility of developing a reverse myocardial remodeling in the postoperative period. Currently, the remodeling process involves molecular, cellular, interstitial and gene restructuring that clinically manifest by changing the size, shape and function of the heart after damage. The rates of reverse remodeling, regression of hypertrophy and restoration of the functions of the heart chambers depend on the degree of myocardial fibrosis, regulated by the system of matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors. This review discusses the complex approach to the evaluation of myocardial remodeling in heart valve disorders, taking into account clinical, instrumental and humoral features.
Keywords: cardiology, myocardium remodeling, acquired heart diseases.
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Berdnikov SV, Berdnikova OA. Testosterone replacement therapy and cardiovascular risk. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):14-21. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-14-21.
Berdnikov Sergey Valerievich ; European medical center; г. Москва, ул. Щепкина, д. 35; тел.: +7(915)2920371; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Berdnikova Olga Aleksandrovna ; General Practitioner, Nephrologist, Oryol Regional Hospital; г. Орел, ул. Победы бульвар, д. 10; тел.: +7(980)3683105; e-mail: email@example.com
Testosterone deficiency is a common problem affecting the quality of life of men. In cohort studies, a direct link between low levels of endogenous testosterone and coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance has been identified. A large number of observational researches had been conducted which studied the efficacy and safety of testosterone treatment, indicated contradictory results. At the same time, the number of patients receiving testosterone replacement therapy is steadily increasing. In this review, current data on the cardiovascular safety of testosterone replacement therapy are considered.
Keywords: testosterone deficiency, testosterone replacement therapy, cardiovascular risk
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Zykov M.V., Kashtalap V.V., Karetnikova V.N., Makeeva O.A., Barbarash O.L., Goncharova I.A.
THE ROLE OF POLYMORPHISMS RS4291 AND RS4343 ACE GENE IN MODIFICATION OF GRACE SCALE IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME
Zykov MV, Kashtalap VV, Karetnikova VN, Makeeva OA, Goncharova IA, Barbarash OL. The role of polymorphisms RS4291 and RS4343 ACE gene in modification of Grace scale in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Siberian Medical Review. 2017; (2):22-29. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-22-29.
Zykov Mikhail Valerevich ; Laboratory of the Pathophysiology of Multifocal Atherosclerosis, Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; г. Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; адрес: Российская Федерация, 354057, г. Сочи, ул. Туапсинская, 1; тел.: +7(918)3062959; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kashtalap Vasiliy Vasilevich Dr. Med. Sc., Associate Professor of the Cardiology Department; Head of laborafoiy pathophysiology multifocal atherosclerosis; Kemerovo State Medical Academy; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; email@example.com
Karetnikova Victoria Nicolaevna Dr. Med. Sci., Head of laboratory of blood circulation pathology; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; firstname.lastname@example.org
Makeeva Oksana Alekseevna Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; ; г. Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; тел.: +7(913)8593493; e-mail: email@example.com
Barbarash O. L. Dr. Med. Sci., Professor; Kemerovo State Medical University; Scientific Research Institute of Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Diseases; firstname.lastname@example.org
Goncharova Irina Aleksandrovna ; Research Institute of Medical Genetics, Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; г. Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6, Томский национальный исследовательский медицинский центр Российской академии наук, адрес: Российская Федерация, 634050, г. Томск, Набережная реки Ушайки, 10; тел.: 8(3822)420956; e-mail: email@example.com
The aim of the research. To assess the possibility of improving the prognostic ability of the GRACE 2.0 risk scale by additional registration of the genotypes of polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene. Material and methods. A register prospective study included 353 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The genotypes and alleles of the polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene were determined on the Cycler iQ (BIO-RAD, USA) by the TaqMan- sample method. In 36 months after the index event, telephone contact was made with patients or relatives to identify endpoints. The patient's status "alive or dead" was found out in 96.6 ± 1.0% of cases. Mortality from any cause was 11.4 ± 1.7% (n = 39), cardiovascular mortality was 7.9 ± 1.5% (n = 26). Results. On the first stage of the study it was revealed that both the rs4343 polymorphism and the rs4291 polymorphism of the ACE gene are associated with a high risk of death within three years after ACS. Moreover, the association of these variants is stronger with cardiovascular mortality than with the general one, and the identification of patients with a combination of the risk genotypes TT polymorphism rs4291 and GG polymorphism rs4343 allows even more reliable identify the group of extremely high risk of death within three years after ACS (odds ratio 9, 10 (3.81-21.71), p <0.001, x2 = 33.20). The construction of ROC curves revealed that the combination of polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene significantly improved the prediction by GRACE scale the above-described endpoints during three years of observation after ACS. The values of the area under the ROC curves for the prediction of the overall lethality were, respectively, for the GRACE and GRACE + ACE scales 0.71 (0.62-0.80) and 0.78 (0.70-0.86) (p <0,00001), in predicting of cardiovascular mortality - 0.72 (0.62-0.81) and 0.81 (0.73-0.88) (p <0.00001). Conclusion. Modification of the GRACE 2.0 scale by adding data about genotypes of the polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene significantly improves the prediction of lethality within three years after ACS. Key words: acute coronary syndrome, polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene, GRACE Scale. Citation: Zykov MV, Kashtalap VV, Karetnikova VN, Makeeva OA, Goncharova IA, Barbarash OL. The role of polymorphisms RS4291 and RS4343 ACE gene in modification of Grace scale in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Siberian Medical Review. 2017; (2):22-29. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-22-29
Keywords: acute coronary syndrome, polymorphisms rs4291 and rs4343 of the ACE gene, GRACE Scale
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Ivanova A.A., Maksimov V.N., Malyutina S.K., Novoselov V.P., Savchenko S.V., Voevoda M.I.
THE STUDY OF ASSOCIATION WITH SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH OF NEW MOLECULAR-GENETIC MARKERS DETECTED IN OWN FULL GENOME ASSOCIATIVE RESEARCH
Maksimov VN, Malyutina SK, Novoselov VP, Savchenko SV, Voevoda Мк The study of association with sudden cardiac death of new molecular-genetic markers detected in own full genome associative research. Siberian Medical Review. 2017; (2):29-34. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-29-34.
Ivanova Anastasiya Andreevna Junior Researcher of the Laboratory of Molecular genetic studies of internal diseases; Institution of Internal and Preventive Medicine; firstname.lastname@example.org
Maksimov Vladimir Nikolaevich Dr.Med.Sc. Associate Professort; Head of the Laboratory of Molecular genetic studies of internal diseases; Novosibirsk State Medical University; Research Institute of Therapy of the Russian Academy of Medical Science; email@example.com
Malyutina Sofia Konstantinovna ; Novosibirsk State Medical University; Institution of Internal and Preventive Medicine; г. Новосибирск, ул. Красный проспект, 52; Российская Федерация, 630089, г. Новосибирск, ул. Б. Богаткова, 175/1, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Novoselov Vladimir Pavlovich ; Novosibirsk Regional Office of Forensic Medical Examination; г Новосибирск, ул. Немировича-Данченко, 134.
Savchenko Sergey Vladimirovich Doct.Med.Sc., Professor of the Department of Forensic Medicine at the medical faculty; Novosibirsk State Medical University; Novosibirsk Regional Office of Forensic Medical Examination; email@example.com
Voevoda Michail Ivanovich Doct.Med.Sc., Professor, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head of the Laboratory of Molecular Human Genetics; Institution of Internal and Preventive Medicine; Institute of Internal Medicine of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Science; Mvoevola@ya.ru
The aim of the research. To search and study the association with sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the Novosibirsk population of single nucleotide polymorphisms rs13246896 of the gene HDAC9, rs35089892 of the gene CAMK2B, which are identified as associated with SCD in its own full genome associative study performed on pooled DNA. Material and methods. The SCD group was formed using the criteria of sudden cardiac death of the World Health Organization and the European Society of Cardiology (n = 391, average age 52.9 ± 9.2 years, men - 77.2%, women - 22.8%). The control group was selected by sex and age from the DNA bank of international HAPIEE projects (Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors in Eastern Europe), MONICA (Multinational MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease) (n = 376, average age 52.4 ± 8, 8 years, men - 62.3%, women - 37.7%). DNA was picked out by phenol-chloroform extraction from myocardial tissue in the SCD group, and venous blood in the control group. Group genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction method with subsequent analysis of restriction fragments length polymorphism according to the own methods. Results. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in allele frequencies and genotypes of polymorphism rs13246896 of the HDAC9 gene. The genotype TT polymorphism rs35089892 of the CAMK2B gene is associated with protective effect according to SCD (p = 0.018, OSh = 0.52, 95% DI 0.31-0.89). Conclusion. The polymorphism rs35089892 of the CAMK2B gene is associated with SCD in the sample of the suddenly died residents of Novosibirsk.
Keywords: sudden cardiac death, single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs13246896, HDAC9, rs35089892, CAMK2B, GWAS
1. Babenko VN, Maximov VN, Kulakova EV, Safronova NS, Vo- evoda MI, Rogaev EI. Genome-wide SNP allelotyping of human co¬horts by pooled DNA samples. Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research. 2014;18(4-2):847-55. 2. CAMK2B calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II beta [Homo sapiens (human)] [Internet]. Available from: https://www.ncbi. nlm.nih.gov/gene/816 3. Han Z, Dong X, Zhang C, Wu Y, Yuan Z, Wang X. Polymorphism of HDAC9 Gene Is Associated with Increased Risk of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Chinese Han Population. BioMed Research Internation¬al. 2016;2016:3746276. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3746276. 4. Hertz CL, Christiansen SL, Ferrero-Miliani L, Fordyce SL, Dahl M. Holst AG, Ottesen GL, Frank-Hansen R, Bundgaard H, Morling N. Next-generation sequencing of 34 genes in sudden unexplained death victims in forensics and in patients with channelopathic cardiac diseases. International Journal of Legal Medicine. 2015;129(4):793-800. DOI:10.1007/s00414-014-1105-y. 5. HDAC9 histone deacetylase 9 [Homo sapiens (human)] [Inter-net]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/9734 6. McCauley MD, Wehrens XH. Ryanodine receptor phosphory-lation, calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, and life- threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Trends Cardiovascular Medi¬cine. 2011;21(2):48-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcm.2012.02.004. 7. Morini E, Sangiuolo F, Caporossi D, Novelli G, Amati F. Appli-cation of Next Generation Sequencing for personalized medicine for sudden cardiac death. Frontiers in Genetics. 2015;6:55. DOI: 10.3389/ fgene.2015.00055. 8. Priori SG, Aliot E, Blomstrom-Lundqvist C, Blom N, Borggrefe M, Camm J, Elliott PM, Fitzsimons D, Hatala R, Hindricks G, Kirchhof P, Kjeldsen K, Kuck KH, Hernandez-Madrid A, Nikolaou N, Norekval TM, Spaulding C, Van Veldhuisen DJ. The Task Force for the Management of Patients with Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia. 2016;17(2):108-70. DOI: 10.1714/2174.23496. 9. Purohit A, Rokita AG, Guan X, Chen B, Koval OM, Voigt N, Neef S, Sowa T, Gao Z, Luczak ED, Stefansdottir H, Behunin AC, Li N, El-Accaoui RN, Yang B, Swaminathan PD, Weiss RM, Weh¬rens XH, Song LS, Dobrev D, Maier LS, Anderson ME. Oxidized Ca(2 + )/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II triggers atrial fibrillation. Circulation. 2013;128(16):1748-57. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULA- TIONAHA.113.003313. 10. Smith JD. New role for histone deacetylase 9 in athero-sclerosis and inflammation. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 2014;34(9):1798-9. DOI: 10.1161/ATVBA- HA.114.304295. 11. Su L, Shen T, Liang B, Xie J, Tan J, Chen Q, Wei Q, Jiang H, Gu L. Association of GWAS-supported loci rs2107595 in HDAC9 gene with ischemic stroke in southern Han Chinese. Gene. 2015;570(2):282- 7. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2015.06.036 12. Toko H, Takahashi H, Kayama Y, Oka T, Minamino T, Okada S, Morimoto S, Zhan DY, Terasaki F, Anderson ME, Inoue M, Yao A, Nagai R, Kitaura Y, Sasaguri T, Komuro I. Ca2 + /calmodulin-depen- dent kinase IIdelta causes heart failure by accumulation of p53 in di¬lated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 2010;122(9):891-9. DOI: 10.1161/ CIRCULATIONAHA.109.935296. 13. Qingxu G, Yan Z, Jiannan X, Yunlong L. Association Between the Gene Polymorphisms of HDAC9 and the Risk of Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Stroke. Pathology Oncology Research. 22016;22(1):103-7. DOI: 10.1007/s12253-015-9978-8. 14. Wang XB, Han YD, Sabina S, Cui NH, Zhang S, Liu ZJ, Li C, Zheng F. HDAC9 Variant Rs2107595 Modifies Susceptibility to Coro¬nary Artery Disease and the Severity of Coronary Atherosclerosis in a Chinese Han Population. PLoS One. 2016;11(8):e0160449. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0160449.
Shek A.B., Kurbanov R.D., Abdullaeva G.Z., Nagay A.V., Khoshimov S.U., Nizamov U.I., Ziyaeva A.V.
CONNECTION OF THE GENETIC POLYMORPHISM CYP3A5 AND SLCO1B1 WITH THE MUSCULAR SYMPTOMS, CAUSED BY SIMVASTATIN IN PATIENTS WITH CHD, ETHNIC UZBEKS: RESULTS OF THE CASE-CONTROL STUDY
Shek BB, Kurbanov RD, Abdullaeva GJ, Nagay AV, Hoshimov SU, Nizamov UI, Ziyaeva AV. Connection of the genetic polymorphism CYP3A5 and SLCO1B1 with the muscular symptoms, caused by simvastatin in patients with CHD, ethnic uzbeks: results of the case-control study. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):35-41. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-35-41.
Shek A. B. ; Tashkent republic specialized center of cardiology of the Ministry of health of the Republic of Kazakhstan; firstname.lastname@example.org
Kurbanov Ravshanbek Davlatovich ; JS Republican Specialised Center of Cardiology; г. Ташкент, ул. Осиё, д. 4; тел.: +99871-2373816, e-mail: email@example.com
Abdullaeva Guzal Zhalalitdinova ; JS Republican Specialised Centre of Cardiology; г. Ташкент, ул. Осиё, д. 4; тел.:+99871-2373816, e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Nagay Alexander Vissarionovich ; JS Republican Specialised Centre of Cardiology; г. Ташкент, ул. Осиё, д. 4; тел.: +99871-2373816, e-mail: email@example.com
Khoshimov Sh. U. ; Tashkent republic specialized center of cardiology of the Ministry of health of the Republic of Kazakhstan; firstname.lastname@example.org
Nizamov Ulugbek Irgashevich ; JS Republican Specialised Centre of Cardiology; г. Ташкент, ул. Осиё, д. 4; тел.: +99871-2373816, e-mail: email@example.com
Ziyaeva Adolat Vasicovna ; JS Republican Specialised Centre of Cardiology; г. Ташкент, ул. Осиё, д. 4; тел.: +99871-2373816, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. To study the possible influence of polymorphism of the genes CYP3A5 (6986A> G), CYP2C9 (430C> T), CYP2C9 (1075A> C), SLCO1B1 (521T> C) and BCRP (ABCG2,421C> A) on the occurrence of muscle symptoms in the treatment of simvastatin in patients with coronary heart disease, ethnic Uzbeks. Material and methods. In the "case-control" study, 63 patients with chronic coronary heart disease (CHD) were included. The "case" group was consisted of 13 patients who had clinical signs of myopathy, and 4 of them simultaneously showed an increase in the level of transaminases > 3 times. The "control" group included 50 patients with chronic coronary heart disease, without side effects when treated with simvastatin. Genotyping was performed by the PCR-RFLP method. Results. When comparing the prevalence of the most common homozygous genotypes with variant, it turned out that the genotype *3 / *3 of the CYP3A5 gene was prevailed in the "case" group (OSh 8.56, 95% DI 2.14-34.1, P = 0.003). When comparing the distribution frequency of alleles the SLCO1B1 gene in the group "case" the carriage of allele C was prevailed (OSh 3.54, 95%, DI 1.35-9.27, f = 5.7, P = 0.017). Conclusion. In patients with CHD, ethnic Uzbeks, the carriage of the genotype *3/*3 of the CYP3A5 gene and the C allele of SLCO1B1 gene is associated with muscular symptoms caused by simvastatin.
Keywords: statin intolerance, polymorphisms of the genes CYP3A5, CYP2C9, SLCO1B1, BCRP
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LOCAL AND REGIONAR VASCULAR STIFFNESS IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY HEART DISEASE AND DIABETES MELLITUS OF 2 TYPE WITH HIGH VALUES OF THE ANKLE-BRACHIAL INDEX
Genkel VV. Local and regionar vascular stiffness in patients with coronary heart disease and diabetes mellitus of 2 type with high values of the ankle-brachial index. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):41-47. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-41-47.
Genkel Vadim Victorovich ; South-Ural State Medical University; г. Челябинск, ул. Воровского, д. 64; тел.: + (351) 232-73-47; e-mail: email@example.com
The aim of the research. To study the indices of local and regional vascular stiffness of muscular and elastic types of arteries in patients with pathological values of the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Material and methods. The study included 133 patients, 75 men and 58 women, the average age was 57.8 ± 10.7 years. Depending on the values of the ABI, patients were divided into four groups. There were conducted a clinical examination, the collection of anamnestic data, the definition of laboratory indicators. Measurement of ABI was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the American Heart Association scientific report. Regionar aortic stiffness and arterial stiffness of muscular type were determined by recording the pulse wave velocity. Indices of local vascular stiffness were determined at the site of the common carotid artery (CCA). Results. In patients with ABI > 1.4, the extensibility of the CCA was significantly less than in patients with normal ABI. Patients with ABI > 1.4 also differed from patients with normal ABI with higher values of the Peterson module - 931 mm Hg. (695; 1025) against 726 mm Hg. (540, 916), as well as a decrease in CCA strain of 5.49% (5.07, 6.07) vs. 7.40% (6.07, 9.33) in patients with normal ABI and 9.52% (7.02, 11.3) in patients with reduced ABI, which indicates an increase in local rigidity of CCA in these patients. The values of aortic stiffness were significantly higher among patients with ABI > 1.4 -14.1 m / s (11.8,17.2) compared with patients with normal ABI -11.6 m / s (9.64; 13.4) and reduced ABI -11.8 m / s (10.8,13.1). Conclusion. Patients with pathologically heightened ABI > 1.4 differed significantly in larger values of local and regionar vascular stiffness, in comparison at patients with both normal and decreased ABI.
Keywords: vascular stiffness, ankle-brachial index, arteries of lower limbs, pulse wave velocity, peripheral arterial atherosclerosis
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Local stiffness of the carotid and femoral artery is as¬sociated with incident cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality: the Hoorn study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;6(63):1739-47.DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.12.041. 22. Kuznetsova AS, Melnikov IYu, Dolgushina AI, Savochkina AYu, Sumerkina VA, Emelyanova NB, Vasilenko AG. The study of lipid disorders and vascular stiffness in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance. Prevention of polypathy in cardiology: Materials of All-Russian scientific-practical conference devoted to the National Year of the fight against cardiovascular disease. Chelyabinsk;2015:64-6. (In Russian) 23. Ershova AI, Meshkov AN, Kalinina MV, Rozhkova TA, Rogoza AN, Ba-lakhonova TV, Boytsov SA. Features of carotid and aortic stiffness in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention in Cardiology: X Scientific and practical conference on 21-22 March 2013. Mos- cow;2013:31-2. (In Russian) 24. Vasyuk YuA, Ivanov SV, Shkolnik EL, Kotovskaya YuV, Milyagin VA, Oleynikov VE, Orlova YaA, Sumin AN, Baranov AA, Boytsov SA, Galyavich AS, Kobalava ZhD, Kozhevnikova OV, Conradi AO, Lopatin YuM, Mareev VYu, Novikova DS, Oganov R.G Consensus of Russian experts on the evaluation of arterial stiffness in clinical practice. Cardiovasculat Therapy and Prevention. 2016;15(2):4-19.DOI: 10.15829/1728-8800-2016-2-4-19. (In Russian) 25. Kubozono T, Ohishi M. Prognostic Significance of Regional Ar¬terial Stiffness for Stroke in Hypertension. Pulse. 2015;3(2):98-105.DOI: 10.1159/000381795.
Gavrilova E.S., Yashina L.M.
EVALUATION OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AND EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES OF THE CORRECTION IN YOUTH POPULATION
Gavrilova ES, Yashina LM. Evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors and educational technologies of the correction in youth population. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):48-55. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-48-55.
Gavrilova Elena Sergeevna ; South Ural State Medical University; г. Челябинск, ул. Воровского, 64; тел.: +7(968)1124711; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Yashina Lydmila Michailovna ; South Ural State Medical University; г. Челябинск, ул. Воровского, 64; тел.: +7(912)7706118; e-mail: email@example.com.
The aim of the research. To estimate the prevalence of the main factors of cardiovascular risk among students of the South Ural State Medical University (SUSMU), and also to determine the effectiveness of the influence of training in the "Health School" on the parameters of these factors. Material and methods. Examination of 1556 graduate students of SUSMU was conducted, the average age was 23.2 ± 1.7 years. The parameters of behavioral and biological risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, as well as anxiety-depressive symptoms were evaluated. The clinical observation group (n = 84) was divided by simple randomization into 2 subgroups, comparable in gender and age. In the first group training was in the "Health School", in the second group there was no training; reassessment of the parameters of cardiovascular risk factors in both groups was performed after 6 months. Results. Among the graduate students of the medical university, a high prevalence of active and passive smoking, alcohol consumption, irrational nutrition, low physical activity, abdominal obesity is revealed. In the female population compared with the male population, the prevalence of body mass deficit, low physical activity, anxiety is significantly higher, and lower - active smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, irrational nutrition, obesity, abdominal obesity, hypertension. The risk of hyperleptinemia increases with the presence of burdened heredity for cardiovascular diseases, abdominal obesity, overweight, deficiency of final metabolites of nitric oxide, hyperuricemia, and decreases with a normal body mass index and an average academic rating of ≥ 4.5. The training of 6th year students of the SUSMU with cardiovascular risk factors in the "Health School" leads to a decrease in the body mass index, waist circle, the number of cigarettes smoked per day, the amount of alcohol consumed per day, and the level of anxiety and depression. Conclusion. In the population of the graduates of the Medical University is established the unfavorable situation in the prevalence of the main factors of cardiovascular risk. Adequate control over these factors is achieved by training students in the "Health School".
Keywords: risk factor, cardiovascular diseases, leptin, Health School
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Ankudinov A.S., Kalyagin A.N., Omana S.S.
FACTORS OF PREDICTION OF CHRONIC HEART FAILURE IN HIGHLY-COMPLIANCE PATIENTS
Ankudinov AS, Kalyagin АN, Omana SS. Factors of prediction of chronic heart failure in highly-compliance patients. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):56-60. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-56-60.
Ankudinov Andrey Sergeevich ; Irkutsk State Medical University; г. Иркутск, ул. Красного Восстания, д. 1; тел.: +7(3952)229933; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kalyagin Aleksey Nicolaevich ; Irkutsk State Medical University; г. Иркутск, ул. Красного Восстания, д. 1; тел.: +7(3952)708661; email: email@example.com
Omana Suman Soman ; Irkutsk State Medical University; г. Иркутск, ул. Красного Восстания, д. 1; тел.: +7(3952)708661; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. To identify the clinical parameters that influence to the evaluation of the prognosis of chronic heart failure (CHF) in highly-compliance patients, depending on its etiology. Material and methods. The study included 260 highly-compliance patients suffering from heart failure III-IV functional class according to NYHA. All patients included in the study gave a written agreement for the study. The adherence of patients to the therapy was assessed using the Moriski-Green test. The diagnosis of heart failure is based on an assessment of the level of the brain natriuretic peptide and evaluation of the morphological changes in the myocardium by echocardiography, including an evaluation of the transmittal flow parameters. The diagnosis of heart failure is based on an assessment of the level of the brain natriuretic peptide and evaluation of the morphological changes in the myocardium by echocardiography, including an evaluation of the transmittal flow parameters. The etiology of heart failure was analyzed in details: in 160 patients heart failure developed against coronary heart disease, confirmed by coronary angiography. 100 patients suffered CHF on the background of other causes: hypertensive disease (HD), acquired heart disease, pulmonary heart, idiopathic cardiomyopathy, chemotherapy. A comparative analysis of clinical data as well as a regression analysis of the studied parameters influence to the prognosis of heart failure during a two-year control. Results. The study revealed significant differences of the frequency of stable heart failure in the study groups and deaths. Notable differences in the reasons for repeated hospitalizations in the study groups were marked. Significant target levels of lipidogram indices, renal function and troponin T concentration were obtained, the achievement of which positively affects to the outcome of heart failure. Conclusion. The appointment of prolonged intensive lipid-lowering therapy may possibly have a positive effect on the outcome of heart failure in the absence of coronary heart disease. It was found that the presence of a preserved renal function also positively affects to the outcome of heart failure, regardless of its etiology. However, these hypotheses should be checked by a longer observation period
Keywords: chronic heart failure, ischemic disease, prognostic factors, adherence to treatment, model
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Orlov A.V., Rotar O.P., Boyarinova M.A., Alieva A.S., Moguchaia E.V., Paskar N.A., Solntsev V.N., Baranova E.I., Konradi A.O.
ANXIETY-DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS - CONNECTING LINK BETWEEN SOCIALECONOMIC, BEHAVIORAL AND BIOLOGICAL CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS ?
Orlov АV, Rotar OP, Boyarinova MA, Alieva AS, Moguchaia EV, Paskar NN, Solntsev VN, Baranova EA, Konradi AO. Anxiety-depressive disorders – connecting link between social-economic, behavioral and biological cardiovascular risk factors? Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):60- 66. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-60-66.
Orlov Alexander Viktorovich ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: email@example.com
Rotar Oxana Petrovna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Boyarinova Maria Anatol’evna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: email@example.com
Alieva Asiat Sajgidovna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Moguchaia Ekaterina Viktorovna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел. +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: email@example.com
Paskar Nadezhda Andreevna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Solntsev Vladislav Nikolaevich ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Аккуратова, д. 2, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: email@example.com
Baranova Elena Ivanovna ; Pavlov First St Petersburg State Medical University; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Льва Толстого, д. 6-8, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Konradi Alexandra Olegovna ; Almazov Federal North-West Medical Research Centre; Санкт-Петербург, ул. Льва Толстого, д. 6-8, тел.: +7 (812) 702-37-56; е-mail: email@example.com
The aim of the research. Assessment of the relationship between behavioral and biological risk factors among themselves, as well as with anxiety-depressive disorders in a random sample of residents of St.-Petersburg. Material and methods. Within the framework of the transverse epidemiological observational study of ESSE-RF, a random sample of 1600 inhabitants of St.-Petersburg, stratified by sex and age, was formed. Participants wrote in a standard questionnaire on lifestyle, concomitant diseases and therapy. Anthropometry, measurement of blood pressure, determination of the lipid spectrum and the level of glycemia were performed according to standard procedures. Emotional status was assessed using the Hospital scale of depression and anxiety. Results. The increased level of depression was registered in 334 (20.9%) participants, anxiety - in 778 (48.7%), clinically significant level of depression and anxiety was noted in 103 (30.8%) and 277 (35.6% ) of participants, respectively. Arterial hypertension and obesity were associated with depression and anxiety. Most of the behavioral risk factors were associated with a particular psychological disorder. Depression and anxiety were associated with low incomes (OR = 2.1 (95% CI 1.4-3.1) and OR = 2.3 (95% CI 1.7-2.8), respectively p <0.001 ), hypodynamia (OR = 1.3 (95% CI 1.2-1.4) and OR = 1.2 (95% CI 1.1-1.3), respectively, p <0.05), insufficient consumption of vegetables and fruit (OR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.2-1.7) and OR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.2-1.6), respectively, p <0.05). Conclusion. In a random sample of inhabitants of St.-Petersburg some associations between socio-economic, behavioral and biological risk factors were identified, but multiple regression analysis did not show any. Psychological disorders can partially explain the mutual influences in these groups of risk factors, because they are associated with both social factors, unhealthy lifestyle and nutrition, and with hypertension and obesity
Keywords: anxiety, depression, risk factors, cardiovascular diseases
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EXPRESSION OF THE LEFT VENTRICLE HYPERTROPHY AND MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTILE FUNCTION IN ELDERLY AND SENILE PERSONS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Alexeev IA. Comparative analysis of the expression of the left ventricle hypertrophy and myocardial contractile function in elderly and senile persons with arterial hypertension. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):66-71. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-66 -71.
Alexeev Igor Alexandrovich ; Professor V. F. Voino-YasenetskyKrasnoyarsk State Medical University; г. Красноярск, ул. Партизана Железняка, д. 1; тел. +7(913)5152549; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. To study the expression of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients of older age groups with arterial hypertension. Material and methods. It was conducted the comparison of echocardiographic parameters in 535 patients with arterial hypertension aged 45 to 90 years old living in Krasnoyarsk. All patients were divided by sex and age. The average age was 65.24 ± 0.43 years. There were 246 men (46%, mean age 63.56 ± 0.62 years) and 289 women (54%, mean age 66.67 ± 0.58 years). The following parameters were compared: the thickness of the back wall of the left ventricle in the diastole, the thickness of the interventricular septum in the diastole, the mass of the myocardium of the left ventricle, the ejection fraction. Results. In elderly and senile age there was a decrease in the ejection fraction compared to the control group. By the size of the left atrium there were large values in the older age groups. By the thickness of the back wall of the left ventricle and the thickness of the interventricular septum in elderly and senile patients tere were determined higher values than in the control group. There were no significant differences in the mass of the myocardium of the left ventricle. Conclusion. In elderly and senile age there were noted more expressed hypertrophy of the left ventricle than in the control group. Also in these age groups, lower values of the ejection fraction were noted, that may indicate to the higher frequency of heart failure in older age groups.
Keywords: arterial hypertension, elderly and senile persons, echocardiography, left ventricular hypertrophy
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ANTICOAGULANT THERAPY IN COMORBIDAL PATIENTS WITH DIFFERENT FORMS OF FIBRILLATION OF AURICLES (RETROSPECTIVE HOSPITAL ANALYSIS)
Rubanenko OA. Anticoagulant therapy in comorbidal patients with different forms of fibrillation ofauricles (retrospective hospital analysis). Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2): . DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-71-76.
Rubanenko Olesya Anatolevna ; Samara State Medical University; Самара, ул. Чапаевская, д. 89; тел.: +7(937)1887780; e-mail: email@example.com
The aim of the research. To study retrospectively the features of the choice of anticoagulant therapy in comorbid patients with different forms of atrial fibrillation in real hospital practice. Material and methods. A total of 1716 patients in the cardiac department of the SOKKD from January 2013 to July 2014 were examined. There were 502 patients (29.3%) among them with AF (303 men and 199 women, the average age was 68.7 ± 10.7 years). Patients were divided into 3 groups depending on the form of AF: group I - patients with paroxysmal form, II - with persistent, III - with constant. Results. Most of the patients with CVD, represented by men, had a permanent form of AF. Arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract were observed with the same frequency in all three categories. The comorbid pathology (previous myocardial infarction (PMI), cerebral circulation disorder (CCD), respiratory and urinary diseases) was noted mainly in patients with a permanent form of AF. NYHA III and NYHA IV were significantly more common in group III. As per analysis of the use of anticoagulant therapy, in the I group were prescribed warfarin to 65 patients, rivaroxaban - 20, dabigatran etexilate - 12; in the II group warfarin - 93 patients, rivaroxaban - 17, dabigatran - 4; in the III group warfarin 111 patients, rivaroxaban - 24, dabigatran - 8. In most cases, the causative factor of anticoagulant absence in therapy of AF is not indicated. Low compliance was found in 3.9% of patients. Conclusion. In our study among patients with CVD, patients with a constant form of AF were prevailed, most of them were of male sex, with different comorbid pathology. Anticoagulant therapy, mainly warfarin, was prescribed in 53.6% of patients
Keywords: atrial fibrillation, cardiovascular diseases, anticoagulants
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Comparative Performance of ATRIA, CHADS2, and CHA2DS2-VASc Risk Scores Predicting Stroke in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Results From a National Primary Care Database. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015;66(17):1851-9.DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.08.033. 17. Polenz GF, Leiria TL, Essebag V, Kruse ML, Pires LM, Nogueira TB, Guimarães RB, Santanna RT, DE Lima GG. CHA2 DS2 VASc Score as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Events in Ambulatory Patients without Atrial Fibrillation. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology. 2015;38(12):1412-7. DOI: 10.1111/pace.12744. 18. Hijazi Z, Oldgren J, Lindbäck J, Alexander JH, Connolly SJ, Eikelboom JW, Ezekowitz MD, Held C, Hylek EM, Lopes RD, Siegbahn A, Yusuf S, Granger CB, Wallentin L; ARISTOTLE and RE-LY Investigators. The novel biomarker-based ABC (age, biomarkers, clinical history)- bleeding risk score for patients with atrial fibrillation: a derivation and validation study. 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Barrios V, Escobar C, Prieto L, Osorio G, Polo J, Lobos JM, Vargas D, García N. Anticoagulation Control in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Attended at Primary Care Centers in Spain: The PAULA Study. Revista Española de Cardiología (English ed.). 2015;68(9):769-76.DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2015.04.017. 23. Cullen MW, Kim S, Piccini JP Sr, Ansell JE, Fonarow GC, Hylek EM, Singer DE, Mahaffey KW, Kowey PR, Thomas L, Go AS, Lopes RD, Chang P, Peterson ED, Gersh BJ. Risks and Benefits of Anticoagulation in Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (ORBIT-AF) Registry. Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2013;6(4):461-9.DOI: 10.1161/ CIRCOUTCOMES.113.000127. 24. Patel SI, Cherington C, Scherber R, Barr K, McLemore R, Morisky DE, Cha S, Mookadam F, Shamoun F. Assessment of Patient Adherence to Direct Oral Anticoagulant vs Warfarin Therapy. Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. 2017;117(1):7-15.DOI: 10.7556/ jaoa.2017.002. 25. Dai Y, Yang J, Gao Z, Xu H, Sun Y, Wu Y, Gao X, Li W, Wang Y, Gao R, Yang Y. Atrial fibrillation in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction: analysis of the china acute myocardial infarction (CAMI) registry. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 2017;17(1):2.DOI: 10.1186/s12872-016-0442-9. 26. Virdee MS, Stewart D. Optimizing the use of oral anticoagulant therapy for atrial fibrilation in primary care: a pharmacist-led intervention. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 2017 Jan 3:.DOI: 10.1007/ s11096-016-0419-x. [Epub ahead of print].. 27. Rubanenko OA. The prognostication and prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atria fibrillation. Medical Journal of Russian Federation. 2015(6):5-8. (In Russian)
Bazdyrev E.D., Polikutina O.M., Kalichenko N.A., Slepynina Y.S., Barbarash O.L.
DISORDERS OF RESPIRATORY FUNCTION OF LUNGS IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE BEFORE PLANNING CORONARY BYPASS GRAFTING
Bazdyrev ED, Polikutina OM, Kalichenko NA, Slepynina YuS, Barbarash OL. Disorders of respiratory function of lungs in patients with ischemic heart disease before planning coronary bypass grafting. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):77-84. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-77-84.
Bazdyrev Evgeny Dmitrievich Cand.Med.Sc., senior research associate of the laboratory of pathophysiology of multifocal atherosclerosis; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; firstname.lastname@example.org
Polikutina Olga Mikhailovna Cand.Med.Sc, Head of Laboratory of Ultrasonic and Electrophysiological Methods; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; mailto:email@example.com
Kalichenko Nadezhda Anatolievna cardiologist cardiology emergency room; ; firstname.lastname@example.org
Slepynina Yulia Sergeevna Research Scientist of Laboratory of Ultrasonic and Electrophysiological Methods; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; mailto:email@example.com
Barbarash O. L. Dr. Med. Sci., Professor; Kemerovo State Medical University; Scientific Research Institute of Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Diseases; firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. To identify the main types of respiratory disorders in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) that came for routine coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Material and methods. Patients with CHD that had come to the planned CABG were examined. The formation of groups was based both on the presence in the anamnesis, and the revealed respiratory pathology at the preoperative stage. In order to identify respiratory disorders, a set of studies including spirometry, bodipletizmography and determination of the diffusivity of the lungs on the EliteDl-220v bodipletizmograph (MedicalGraphicsCorporation, USA) was performed. Results. In patients of all the examined groups, respiratory parameters were within the proper values, with the exception of the Tiffno index - in patients with a newly diagnosed pathology of the respiratory system that was lower and the level of diffusivity of the lungs - in patients with a respiratory system pathology (as previously known and revealed at the stage of admission to the CABG) in comparison with isolated CHD. Among all types of ventilation disorders, the predominant one was respiratory tract obstruction. Signs of the formation of the "air trap" were more common than the hyperinflation of lung tissue. Conclusion. Signs of dysfunction of the respiratory system have been verified in the majority of patients with CHD admitted for cardiac surgery. Among all types of ventilation disorders, the obstructive pattern was prevalent
Keywords: respiratory system, ischemic heart disease, types of respiratory disorders, coronary bypass grafting
1. Kamenskaya OV, Klinkova AS, Lomivorotova VV, Ponomarev DN, Cherniavsky AM, Karas’kov AM. Risks of complications in coronary artery bypass grafting taking into account efficiency of pulmonary ventilation. Patologija Krovoobrashhenija i Kardiohirurgija. 2015;19(3):68-73. (In Russian) 2. Boytsov SA, Nikulina NN, Yakushin SS, Akinina SA, Furmenko GI. Sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary heart disease: results of the Russian multi-cEntre epidemiological Study of mOrtality, morbidity, and diagNostics and treAtmeNt quality in aCutE CHD (RESONANCE). Rossijskij Kardiologicheskij Zhurnal. 2011;(2):59-64. (In Russian) 3. Polikutina OM, Slepynina YuS, Bazdyrev ED, Karetnikova VN, Barbarash OL. New-onset chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its clinical significance in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Terapevticheskij arhiv. 2014;86(3):14-9. (In Russian) 4. Polikutina OM, Slepynina YuS, Bazdyrev ED, Karetnikova VN, Barbarash OL. COPD - marker of negative long-term prognosis of myocardial infarction. Siberian Medical Review. 2016;(1):48-55. DOI 10.20333/25000136- 2016-1-48-55. (In Russian) 5. Efros LA, Samorodskaya IV. Features of structure and influence of concomitant diseases on long-term prognosis after coronary bypass grafting. Bjulleten' NCSSH im. A.N. Bakuleva RAMN. Serdechno-Sosudistye Zabolevanija. 2013;14(1): 33-41. (In Russian) 6. Efros LA, Samorodskaya IV. Fасtors affecting long-term survival after coronary artery bypass surgery. Sibirskij Medicinskij Zhurnal (Tomsk). 2013;28(2):7-14. (In Russian) 7. Zafiraki VK, Skaletsky KV, Kosmacheva ED, Shulzhenko LV, Ramazanov JM, Omarov AA. Myocardial revascularization in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease combined with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Kardiologija. 2016;56(1):51-5. DOI: 10.18565/cardio.2016.1.51-55. (In Russian) 8. Nazarov BM, Zykov KA, Ratova LG, Agapova OYu, Dolgusheva YuA, Chazova IE. Is it necessary to do spirometry for patients with cardiovascular diseases? Sistemnye Gipertenzii. 2013;(2):69-74. (In Russian) 9. Bazdyrev ED, Bayrakova YuV, Kazachek YaV, Bezdenezhnykh NA, Polikutina OM, Slepynina YuS, Barbarash OL. Respiratory pathology in ischemic heart disease patients. Sibirskij Medicinskij Zhurnal (Irkutsk). 2012;112(5):46-50. (In Russian) 10. Bazdyrev ED, Bayrakova YuV, Kalichenko NA, Polikutina OM, Slepynina YuS, Barbarash OL. Lung function in patients with coronary heart disease and diabetes. Serdce. 2013;12(4):219-22. (In Russian) 11. Scherban’ NA, Landyshev YuS., Putintsev DV. Pathology of bronchopulmonary system in chronic kidney disease. Amurskij medicinskij zhurnal. 2013;1:22-5. (In Russian) 12. Chen SC, Liu WC, Lee CH, Chang JM, Chen HC. Nephrotic syndrome complicated by life-threatening pulmonary embolism in an adult patient. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. 2010;26(2):89-95. 13. Daneschvar HL, Seddighzadeh A, Piazza G, Goldhaber SZ. Deep vein thrombosis in patients with chronic kidney disease. Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2008;99(6):1035-9. DOI: 10.1160/TH08-02-0107. 14. Polikutina OM, Slepynina YuS, Bazdyrev ED, Karetnikova VN. Pulmonary function and cardiovascular diseases. Sibirskij medicinskij zhurnal (Irkutsk). 2012;112(5):14-8. (In Russian) 15. Miller MR, Crapo R, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, Enright P, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Jensen R, Johnson DC, MacIntyre N, McKay R, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Pellegrino R, Viegi G, Wanger J. General considerations for lung function testing. European Respiratory Journal. 2005;26(1):153-61. 16. Miller MR, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, Crapo R, Enright P, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Jensen R, Johnson DC, MacIntyre N, McKay R, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Pellegrino R, Viegi G, Wanger J. Standardisation of spirometry. European Respiratory Journal. 2005;26(2):319-38. 17. Wanger J, Clausen JL, Coates A, Pedersen OF, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Crapo R, Enright P, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Hankinson J, Jensen R, Johnson D, Macintyre N, McKay R, Miller MR, Navajas D, Pellegrino R, Viegi G. Standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes. European Respiratory Journal. 2005;26(3):511-22. 18. Macintyre N, Crapo RO, Viegi G, Johnson DC, van der Grinten CP, Brusasco V, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, Enright P, Gustafsson P, Hankinson J, Jensen R, McKay R, Miller MR, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Pellegrino R, Wanger J. Standardisation of the single-breath determination of carbon monoxide uptake in the lung. European Respiratory Journal. 2005;26(4):720-35. 19. Pellegrino R, Viegi G, Brusasco V, Crapo RO, Burgos F, Casaburi R, Coates A, van der Grinten CP, Gustafsson P, Hankinson J, Jensen R, Johnson DC, MacIntyre N, McKay R, Miller MR, Navajas D, Pedersen OF, Wanger J. Interpretative strategies for lung function tests. European Respiratory Journal. 2005;26(5):948-68. DOI: 10.1183/09031936.05.00035205 20. Kosarev VV, Babanov SA. Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Vrach. 2015;(7):2-7. (In Russian) 21. Chuchalina AG, ed. Functional diagnostics in Pulmonology: a practical guide. Moscow : Atmosfera; 2009. 192 p. (In Russian) 22. Body plethysmography: Theoretical and clinical aspects: guidelines. Moscow : GVKG im. N.N. Burdenko; 2014. 45 p. (In Russian) 23. Ballanova YuA, Kontsevaya AV, Shal'nova SA, Deev AD, Artamonova GV, Gatagonova TM, Duplyakov DV, Efanov AYu, Zhernakova YuV, Il'in VA, Konradi AO, Libis RA, Minakov AV, Nedogoda SV, Oganov RG, Oshchepkova EV, Romanchuk SA, Rotar' OP, Trubacheva IA, Shlyakhto EV, Boitsov SA, Muromtseva GA, Evstifeeva SE, Kapustina AV, Konstantinov VV, Mamedov MN, Baranova EI, Nazarova OA, Shutemova OA, Furmenko GI, Babenko NI, Azarin OG, Bondartsov LV, Khvostikova AE, Ledyaeva AA, Chumachek EV, Isaeva EN, Basyrova IR, Kondratenko VYu, Lopina EA, Safonova DV, Skripchenko AE, Indukaeva EV, Cherkass NV, Maksimov SA, Danil'chenko YaV, Mulerova TA, Shalaev SV, Medvedeva IV, Shava VP, Storozhok MA, Tolparov GV, Astahova ZT, Toguzova ZA, Kaveshnikov VS, Karpov RS, Serebryakova VN. The prevalence of behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the Russian population according to the study ESSE-RF. Profilakticheskaja Medicina. 2014;(5):42-52. (In Russian) 24. Struchkov PV, Drozdov DV, Lukina OF. Spirometry: a guide for physicians. Moscow : GJeOTAR-Media; 2015. 96 p. (In Russian) 25. Pashkova TL. The use of tiotropium bromide in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its effect on hyperinflation and physical performance. Jeffektivnaja Farmakoterapija. 2010;27:45-52. (In Russian) 26. Avdeev SN. Pulmonary hyperinflation in COPD patients. Prakticheskaja Pul'monologija. 2006;(2):11-17. (In Russian) 27. Neklyudova GV, Chernyak AV. The clinical significance of the study of the diffusion capacity of the lungs. Prakticheskaja Pul'monologija. 2013;(4):54-9. (In Russian) 28. Schunemann HJ, Dorn J, Grant BJB, Winkelstein W, Trevisan M. Pulmonary function is a long-term predictor of mortality in the general population 29-year follow-up of the Buffalo Health Study. Chest. 2000;118(3):656-64. Нарушение респираторной функции легких у пациентов с ИБС перед плановым проведением коронарного шунтирования 29. Engström G, Janzon L. Risk of developing diabetes is inversely related to lung function: a population-based cohort study. Diabetic Medicine. 2002;19(2):167-70. 30. Masmoudi K, Choyakh F, Zouari N. Ventilatory mechanics and alveolo-capillary diffusion in diabetes. Tunisie Medicale. 2002;80(9):524-30. 31. Koroleva OS, Zateyshchikov DA. Biomarkers in cardiology: registration of intravascular inflammation. Farmateka. 2007;(8/9):30-6. (In Russian) 32. Kremser СВ, O'Toole MF, Leff AR. Oscillatory hyperventilation in severe congestive heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy or to ischemic cardiomyopathy. American Journal of Cardiology. 1987;59(8):900-5. 33. McMurray JJ, Stewart S.Epidemiology, aethiology and prognosis of heart failure. Heart. 2000;83:596-602. DOI:10.1136/heart.83.5.596 34. Bazdyrev ED, Bayrakova YuV, Polikutina OM, Bezdenezhnykh NA, Slepynina YuS, Barbarash OL. Relationship between respiratory function and myocardial structure and function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease. Kardiologija. 2015;55(1):4-8. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.18565/cardio.2015.1.4-8 (In Russian) 35. Barbarash OL, Rutkovskaya NV, Smakotina SA, Chesnokova YuL, Bazdyrev ED, Chernyavskaya EYu, Kudryavtseva IA. Lung injury in patients with hypertensive disease. Kardiologija. 2010;(3):31-6. (In Russian) 36. Barbarash OL, Rutkovskaya NV, Smakotina SA. Lung function in young and middle-aged patients with hypertensive disease. Siberian Medical Review. 2009;(2):19-27. (In Russian) 37. Bazdyrev ED, Ivanov SV, Pavlova VYu, Barbarash OL. Prevention of respiratory complications in patients with coronary heart disease when performing planned coronary artery bypass grafting. Kompleksnye Problemy Serdechno-Sosudistyh Zabolevanij. 2016;(1):37-50. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.17802/2306-1278-2016-1-37-50 (In Russian) 38. Panova EI, Martyshina OV, Danilov VA. Associated pathology with obesity: frequency, character and some formation mechanisms. Sovremennye Tehnologii v Medicine. 2013;5(2):108-15. (In Russian)
Revich B.A., Shaposhnikov D.A.
INFLUENCE FEATURES OF COLD AND HEAT WAVES TO THE POPULATION MORTALITY - THE CITY WITH SHARPLY CONTINENTAL CLIMATE
Revich BA, Shaposhnikov DA. Influence features of cold and heat waves to the population mortality – the city with sharply continental climate. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):84-90. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-84-90.
Revich Boris Aleksandrovich ; Institute of Economic Forecasting of Russian Academy of Sciences; г. Москва, Нахимовский проспект, 47; тел. +7(499)1291800; e-mail: email@example.com
Shaposhnikov Dmitry Anatolievich ; Institute of Economic Forecasting of Russian Academy of Sciences; г. Москва, Нахимовский проспект, 47; тел. +7(499)1291800; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. The choice of the best predictor of mortality during the heat and cold waves in a sharply continental climate. Stratification of mortality risks during such waves in Krasnoyarsk for the main reasons and age groups for revealing the main temperature factors of increased mortality. Comparison of risks with similar results obtained in the southern cities of Russia. Material and methods. Meteodata for 6 selected cities in Siberia with sharply continental climate were obtained from the site of Roshydromet. To analyze the impact of long periods of extreme air temperatures on mortality, Krasnoyarsk was chosen as the largest of the studied cities; data on the daily mortality in Krasnoyarsk were provided by Rosstat. To calculate the relative risks of mortality during heat and cold waves, the Poisson regression model of daily mortality was used, corrected for the long-term and seasonal mortality trends, day of the week and daily temperature difference. Results. For the period 1999-2014 in Bratsk, Barnaul, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk and Chita, a total of 73 waves of heat and 83 cold waves were identified. For heat, the effective air temperature is a better predictor of mortality than the temperature of a dry thermometer, and for the cold, the best predictor is the wind-cold index. For the majority of the studied indicators, statistically reliable estimates of the death rate increases were obtained both during the heat waves and during the cold waves and it was shown that during the heat they were more significant. Conclusion. The main contribution to increased mortality during extreme temperatures is provided by cerebrovascular diseases. The risks from heat waves in Krasnoyarsk are less pronounced than in the southern cities of the European part of Russia; on the waves of cold there were no significant differences
Keywords: health, cerebrovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, Krasnoyarsk, sharply continental climate, action plans during the heat wave
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NWS Southern Region Technical Attachment, SR/SSD 90–23. Fort Worth, Texas; 1990. 15. Anderson GB, Bell ML, Peng RD. Methods to calculate the heat index as an exposure metric in environmental health research. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121:1111–9. DOI:10.1289/ehp.1206273. 16. D'Ippoliti D, Michelozzi P, Marino C, de'Donato F, Menne B, Katsouyanni K, Kirchmayer U, Analitis A, Medina-Ramón M, Paldy A, Atkinson R, Kovats S, Bisanti L, Schneider A, Lefranc A, Iñiguez C, Perucci C. The impact of heat waves on mortality in 9 European cities: results from the EuroHEAT project. Environ Health. 2010;9:37. DOI:10.1186/1476-069X-9-37. 17. Almeida SP, Casimiro E, Calheiros J. Effects of apparent temperature on daily mortality in Lisbon and Oporto, Portugal. Environ Health. 2010;9:12. DOI:10.1186/1476-069X-9-12. 18. Report on Wind Chill Temperature and extreme heat indices: Evaluation and improvement projects. U.S. Department of Commerce / National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research, FCM-R19-2003. Washington D.C; 2003. 75 p. 19. Toronto Public Health. Health Impacts of Cold Weather. Technical Report. June 2014 [Internet]. Available from: http://www.mississauga.ca/file/COM/ Health%20Impacts%20of%20Cold%20Weather.pdf (cited 2016 Dec 4). 20. Kunst AE, Groenhof F, Mackenbach JP. The association between two windchill indices and daily mortality variation in The Netherlands. American Journal of Public Health. 1994;84(11):1738–42. DOI:10.2105/AJPH.84.11.1738. 21. Eng H, MercerJB. The relationship between mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases and two climatic factors in densely populated areas in Norway and Ireland. Journal of Cardiovascular Risk. 2000;7:369– 75. DOI:10.1177/204748730000700510 7(5):369-75. 22. Carder M, McNamee R, Beverland I, Elton R, Cohen GR, Boyd J, Agius RM. 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Tsygankova D.P., Mulerova T.A., Ogarkov M.Y., Saarela E.Y., Kuz'mina A.A., Kazachek Y.V., Barbarash O.L.
PREVALENCE DYNAMICS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES RISK FACTORS AMONG SHORIANS UNDER INFLUENCE OF CHANGED LIVING CONDITIONS
Tsygankova Dar'ya Pavlovna ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; Kemerovo State Medical University; Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; ул. Ворошилова, д. 22а; тел. +7(923)5128909; e-mail: email@example.com
Mulerova Tat'yana Aleksandrovna ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; тел. +7(960) 9063656; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ogarkov Mikhail Yur'evich ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; Novokuznetsk State Institute of Postgraduate Medicine; Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; Новокузнецк, проспект Строителей, д. 5; тел. +7(905)9009380; e-mail: email@example.com
Saarela Ekaterina Yur'evna ; Kemerovo State Medical University; Кемерово, ул. Ворошилова, д. 22а; тел. +7(904)3759008; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kuz'mina Anastasiya Aleksandrovna ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases; Кемерово, Сосновый бульвар, 6; e-mail: email@example.com
Kazachek Y. V. ; Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases under the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; firstname.lastname@example.org
Barbarash O. L. Dr. Med. Sci., Professor; Kemerovo State Medical University; Scientific Research Institute of Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Diseases; email@example.com
The aim of the research. To assess the dynamics of the indicators of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, obesity, smoking and alcohol overindulgence) during the last decade among the indigenous inhabitants of Gornaya Shoriya, in connection with the changed living conditions. Material and methods. The study was carried out under expeditionary conditions by a continuous method in two stages. The first stage - in the period of 1998-2002, the second - 2012-2015. 631 and 434 aboriginals were examined, respectively. The examinations were carried out according to a single program and standard methods at the feldsher-midwife stations and in outpatient clinics of district hospitals. Results. During the analyzed 15-year period, the females Shorians were more susceptible to the change in biochemical and clinicalanthropometric indicators than the males Shorians. From all the indicators studied, only the level of blood pressure showed a positive dynamics in the form of a decrease in the mean values of SBP and DBP levels in both sexes, in contrast to the mean values of OXC and glycemia. The average level of fasting glycemia significantly increased in all age groups in both sexes. The most susceptible to the dynamics of behavioral risk factors were the male Shorians: a decrease in smoking in young and middle-aged people was detected, and there was a decrease in the number of people, consumed moderate amounts of alcohol in the younger age group and did not drink alcohol in the older age group. In the above mentioned cohorts there was an increase in the number of people who abused and consumed alcohol in moderate amounts, respectively. At the same time, it was noted the increase in the number of smokers in female Shorians only at the age of 50-59 years. Conclusion. Among the indigenous population of Mountain Shoria over the past 15 years there were some changes in the prevalence of the main RF of the CVD.
Keywords: indigenous people, risk factors, cardiovascular diseases, Shorians, living conditions
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(In Russian). 17. Giampaoli S, Vannucchi S. Obesity and diabetes, a global problem: what does recent data tell us? Igiene e Sanità Pubblica. 2016;72(6):561-70. 18. Zhou B, Lu Y, Hajifathalian K, Bentham J, Di Cesare M, Danaei G, Bixby H, Cowan MJ, Ali MK, Taddei C, Lo WC, Reis-Santos B, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Miranda JJ, Bjerregaard P, Rivera JA, Fouad HM, Ma G, Mbanya JC, McGarvey ST, Mohan V, Onat A, Pilav A, Ramachandran A, Romdhane HB, Paciorek CJ, Bennett JE, Ezzati M, Abdeen ZA, Abdul Kadir K, Abu-Rmeileh NM, Acosta-Cazares B, Adams R, Aekplakorn W, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Agyemang C, Ahmadvand A, Al-Othman AR, Alkerwi A, Amouyel P, Amuzu A, Andersen LB, Anderssen SA, Anjana RM, Aounallah-Skhiri H, Aris T, Arlappa N, Arveiler D, Assah FK, Avdicová M, Azizi F, Balakrishna N, Bandosz P, Barbagallo CM, Barceló A, Batieha AM, Baur LA, Romdhane HB, Benet M, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Bharadwaj S, Bhargava SK, Bi Y. Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants. Lancet. 2016;387(10027):32-9. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00618-8. 19. Danaei G, Finucane MM, Lu Y, Singh GM, Cowan MJ, Paciorek CJ, Lin JK, Farzadfar F, Khang YH, Stevens GA, Rao M, Ali MK, Riley LM, Robinson CA, Ezzati M, Abdeen Z, Aekplakorn W, Afifi MM, Agabiti-Rosei E, Salinas CA, Alnsour M, Ambady R, Barbagallo CM, Barceló A, Barros H, Bautista LE, Benetos A, Bjerregaard P, Bo S, Bovet P, Bursztyn M, Cabrera de León A, Castellano M, Castetbon K, Chaouki N, Chen CJ, Chua L, Cífková R, Corsi AM, Delgado E, Doi Y, Esteghamati A, Fall CH, Fan JG, Ferreccio C, Fezeu L, Fuller EL, Giampaoli S, Gómez LF, Carvajal RG, Herman WH, Herrera VM, Ho S, Hussain A, Ikeda N, Jafar TH, Jonas JB, Kadiki OA, Karalis I, Katz J, Khalilzadeh O, Kiechl S, Kurjata P, Lee J, Lee J, Lim S, Lim TO, Lin CC, Lin X, Lin HH, Liu X. National, regional, and global trends in fasting plasma glucose and diabetes prevalence since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 370 country-years and 2-7 million participants. Lancet. 2011;378(9785):557-60. DOI: 10.1016/ S0140-6736(11)60679-X. 20. Defazio G, Esposito M, Abbruzzese G, Scaglione CL, Fabbrini G, Ferrazzano G, Peluso S, Pellicciari R, Gigante AF, Cossu G, Arca R, Avanzino L, Bono F, Mazza MR, Bertolasi L, Bacchin R, Eleopra R, Lettieri C, Morgante F, Altavista MC, Polidori L, Liguori R, Misceo S, Squintani G, Tinazzi M, Ceravolo R, Unti E, Magistrelli L, Coletti Moja M, Modugno N, Petracca M, Tambasco N, Cotelli MS, Aguggia M, Pisani A, Romano M, Zibetti M, Bentivoglio AR, Albanese A, Girlanda P, Berardelli A. The Italian Dystonia Registry: rationale, design and preliminary findings. Neurological Sciences. 2017. DOI: 10.1007/s10072-017-2839-3. [Epub ahead of print] 21. Shestakova MV, Dedov II. Diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. Moskva : Meditsinskoe informatsionnoe agentstvo; 2009. 482 c. (In Russian). 22. Leung L. Diabetes mellitus and the Aboriginal diabetic initiative in Canada: An update review. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2016;5(2):259-65. DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.192362. 23. Ryabova TI. Some questions in the epidemiology of diabetes type 2 among indigenous peoples of the northern territories. Zdravookhranenie Dal'nego Vostoka. 2011;(4):57-60. (In Russian) 24. Babenko LG, Boiko ER. Ethno-social features of obesity and diabetes mellitus morbidity among residents of Russian European North. Proceedings of the Komi Science Centre of the Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2010;(2):32-9. (In Russian). 25. Lyudinina AYu, Potolitsyna NN, Eseva TV, Solonin YuG, Osadchuk LV, Vas’kovskiy VE, Boiko ER. Influence of lifestyle and nutrition types on plasma lipid fatty acids composition in indigenous inhabitants of Russian European North. 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Gerasimov S.N., Posnenkova O.M., Kiselev A.R., Popova Y.V., Popov I.A., Gridnev V.I.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION INFLUENCING TO THE ACHIEVEMENT OF TARGET PRESSURE: DATA OF POLYCLINICS OF THE WORKING VILLAGE
Gerasimov SN, Posnenkova OM, Kiselev AR, Popova YuV, Popov IA, Gridnev VI. Characteristics of patients with arterial hypertension influencing to the achievement of target pressure: data of polyclinics of the working village. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):97-103. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-97-103.
Gerasimov Stasnislav Nikolaevich ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; г. Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posnenkova Olga Mikhailovna, ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; г. Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: email@example.com.
Kiselev Anton Robertovich ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Popova Yulia Viktorovna ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: email@example.com.
Popov Ivan Alexseevich ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Gridnev Vladimir Ivanovich ; Saratov State Medical University n.a. V.I. Razumovsky; г. Саратов, ул. Большая Казачья, д. 112; тел.: +7(8452)393978; e-mail: email@example.com.
The aim of the research. To reveal the clinical characteristics influencing to the achievement of target BP in patients with AH, observed in the polyclinic of the working village of the Saratov region. Material and methods. The data of outpatient cards of 182 patients with essential hypertension (mean age 64.6 ± 11.3 years, 48.5% - men) were studied, they asked for medical care in the polyclinic of the working village of the Saratov region in the period from 01.07.2015 to 31.07 .2015 - the first stage (n = 88) and from 01.07.2016 to 31.07.2016 - the second stage (n = 94). There were included all consecutive patients, visited a district doctor, general practitioner or cardiologist during one randomly chosen reception at the first and second stages. To identify the factors associated with achieving the target blood pressure, we used discriminant analysis. Results. In the study group (n = 182), BP corresponded to the target level in 93 patients with AH (51%). Patients with targeted BP were rarely females (53.8% vs. 69.7, p = 0.028), more likely to have a history of myocardial infarction (22.6% vs. 10.1%, p = 0.024), less likely to have other forms of stable ischemic heart disease (55.9% vs. 73%, p = 0.016), received fewer antihypertensive drugs: 1.63 ± 0.12 versus 1.98 ± 0.11 (p = 0.018). The constructed discriminant model had a high predictive value (OR 5.4 (95% CI 2.7-10.7), p <0.001) and took into account two most significant factors: previous myocardial infarction in the anamnesis (OR 2.6 (95% CI) 1,1 - 6,6), p = 0,032) and the number of prescribed antihypertensive drugs ≥ 2 (OW 0.4 (95% CI 0.2-0.7), p = 0.003). Conclusion. In patients, underwent myocardial infarction and received less than two antihypertensive drugs, the probability of achieving the target blood pressure is 5.4 times higher than in the absence of these factors.
Keywords: hypertension, target arterial pressure, polyclinic, clinical characteristics of patients, blood pressure control
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Drozda J Jr, Messer JV, Spertus J, Abramowitz B, Alexander K, Beam CT, Bonow RO, Burkiewicz JS, Crouch M, Goff DC Jr, Hellman R, James T 3rd, King ML, Machado EA Jr, Ortiz E, O'Toole M, Persell SD, Pines JM, Rybicki FJ, Sadwin LB, Sikkema JD, Smith PK, Torcson PJ, Wong JB. ACCF/AHA/AMA-PCPI 2011 Performance Measures for Adults With Coronary Artery Disease and Hypertension: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/ American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures and the American Medical Association – Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. Circulation. 2011;124:248-70. 5. Posnenkova OM, Korotin AS, Kiselev AR, Gridnev VI, Belova OA, Rachkova SA, Romanchuk SV, Dovgalevsky PYa, Oshchepkova EV. Performance of recommended measures on risk factors control in patients with hypertension, coronary artery disease and chronic heart failure: the data from 2014 Russian registry. Cardio-IT. 2015;2(1):e0102. (In Russian) 6. Belova OA, Rachkova SA, Shutemova EA, Romanchuk SV. Risk factors control in patients with cardiovascular diseases in Ivanovo region: possibilities of a regional registry. Cardio-IT. 2016;3(1):e0102. (In Russian) 7. Gu Q, Burt VL, Dillon CF, Yoon S. Trends in antihypertensive medication use and blood pressure control among United States adults with hypertension. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001 to 2010. Circulation. 2012;126:2105–14. 8. Boitsov SA, Balanova YuA, Shal’nova SA et al. Arterial hypertension among individuals of 25-64 years old: prevalence, awareness, treatment and control. By the data from ECCD. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2014;14(4):4-14. 9. Kjeldsen SE, Naditch-Brule L, Perlini S, Zidek W, Farsang C. Increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in uncontrolled hypertension across Europe: the global cardiometabolic risk profile in patients with hypertension disease survey. Journal of Hypertension. 2008;26(10):2064-70. 10. 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Chepurnenkо S.A., Artyukhova N.V., Shavkuta G.V.
THREE- AND SIX-MONTH EXPERIENCE OF EPLERENONE USE IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC DILATION CARDIOPATHY WITHOUT SIGNS OF DECOMPENSATION
Chepurnenko SA, Artyukhovа NV, Shavkuta GV. Three- and six-month experience of eplerenone USE in patients with ischemic dilation cardiopathy without signs of decompensation. Siberian Medical Review. 2017; (2):103-108. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-103-108.
Chepurnenkо Svetlana Anatolievna ; Rostov State Medical University; Rostov Regional Clinical Hospital; г. Ростов-на-Дону, пер. Нахичеванский, д. 29; Ростовская областная клиническая больница; ул. Благодатная 170; тел.: +7(918)5072893; e-mail: сh.firstname.lastname@example.org
Artyukhova Nina Vladimirovna ; Rostov State Medical University; г. Ростов-на-Дону, пер. Нахичеванский, д. 29; тел.: +7(928)1515465; e-mail: email@example.com
Shavkuta Galina Vladimirovna ; Rostov State Medical University; г. Ростов-на-Дону, пер. Нахичеванский, д. 29; тел.:+7(909)4069504; e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the research. To assess the possibility of slowing the progression of ischemic dilated cardiac pathology by adding a selective antagonist of mineralocorticoid receptors-eplerenone to standard therapy. Material and methods. The work was based on the results of clinical and instrumental studies in patients with ischemic dilated cardiopathy without clinical signs of decompensation. The ischemic origin of cardiopathy is confirmed by the results of coronary angiography and / or myocardial infarction in the anamnesis. Patients of the main and control groups were assigned ramipril, nebivolol, enteric-soluble form of acetylsalicylic acid and rosuvastatin in the maximum tolerated doses. In the main group, eplerenone has been added to the therapy under the control of the electrolyte level. The patients of the control group did not receive eplerenone. Results. Therapy for 3 and 6 months, by selective antagonist of mineralocorticoid receptors eplerenone in addition to standard treatment leads to a significant decrease in the final diastolic size of the left ventricle, the final diastolic size of the right ventricle. Reduces the degree of regurgitation on the mitral and tricuspid valves. There is a significant increase in the test of a six-minute walk. Despite the long reception of this drug, the level of potassium and sodium remains within normal limits. In the control group, an increase in the diastolic size of the right ventricle is observed, and the final diastolic dimension of the left ventricle does not change reliably. The expression of regurgitation on the mitral and tricuspid valves also increases. The result of treatment depends on the degree of dilatation of the left ventricle before the start of the drug. The effect of therapy is more pronounced in patients with higher end-diastolic values of the left ventricle. Conclusion. When eplerenone is added to standard therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers, statins and antiplatelet agents, an effective improvement of cardiohemodynamic parameters and functional state of the myocardium is observed. The functional class of chronic heart failure decreases. Despite the long reception of eplerenone, the level of potassium and sodium remains within normal limits
Keywords: eplerenone, chronic heart failure, cardiohemodynamics
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Rationale and design of the “aldosterone receptor blockade in diastolic heart failure” trial: a doubleblind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group study to determine the effects of spironolactone on exercise capacity and diastolic function in patients with symptomatic diastolic heart failure (Aldo-DHF). European Journal of Heart Failure. 2010;12(8):874–82. 19. Kritis AA, Gouta CP, Liaretidou EI, Kallaras KI. Latest aspects of aldosterone action on the heart muscle. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 2016;67(1):21–30. 20. Atroshchenko ES. The role of aldosterone in the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure and the effectiveness of its antagonists. Medical News. 2012;8:4-8. (In Russian) 21. Masson S, Latini R, Milani V, Moretti L, Grazia MR, Carbonieri E, Frisinghelli A, Minneci C, Valisi M, Maggioni PA, Marchioli R, Tognoni G, Tavazzi. Prevalence and Prognostic Value of Elevated Urinary Albumin Excretion in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure Clinical perspective. Circulation. Heart Failure. 2010;3:65–72. 22. Gilyarevsky SP, Golshmid MB, Kuz’mina IM. The blockade of the mineralocorticoid receptor in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease: clinical and pharmacological aspects of the use of eplerenone. Heart: a magazine for practicing physicians. 2016;3(89):143- 50. (In Russian) 23. Danjuma MI, Mukherjee I, Makaronidis J, Osula S. Converging indications of aldosterone antagonists (spironolactone and eplerenone): a narrative review of safety profiles. Current Hypertension Reports. 2014(16):414. 24. Savoia C, Touyz RM, Amiri F, Schiffrin EL. Selective mineralocorticoid receptor blocker eplerenone reduces resistance artery stiffness in hypertensive patients. Hypertension. 2008;51:432-9. 25. Osmolovskaya YuF, Tereshchenko SN, Zhirov IV. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists place in the treatment of patients with CHF. ConsiliumMedicum. 2013;10:70-4. (In Russian)
Kozik V.A., Lozhkina N.G., Glebchenko E.A., Khasanova M.H., Kuimov A.D.
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN A PATIENT WITH COMPLICATED ANATOMY OF CORONARY VESSELS AND ANEMIC SYNDROME
Kozik VA, Lozhkina NG, Glebchenko EA, Khasanova MH, Kuimov A D. Myocardial infarction in a patient with complicated anatomy of coronary vessels and anemic syndrome. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):109-111. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-109-111.
Kozik Valentina Alexandrovna ; Novosibirsk State Medical University; г. Новосибирск, ул. Красный проспект, д. 52; тел.: +7(383)2223204; e-mail: email@example.com
Lozhkina Natalia Gennadievna ; Novosibirsk State Medical University; г. Новосибирск, ул. Красный проспект, д. 52; тел.: +7(383)2223204; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Glebchenko Elena Alexandrovna ; Novosibirsk State Medical University; г. Новосибирск, ул. Красный проспект, д. 52; тел.: +7(383)2223204; e-mail: email@example.com
Khasanova Madina Huseynovna ; Novosibirsk State Medical University; г. Новосибирск, ул. Красный проспект, д. 52; тел +7(383)2223204; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kuimov Andrey Dmitrievich Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of faculty therapy; Novosibirsk State Medical University; email@example.com
The article presents a clinical case of myocardial infarction in a patient with complicated anatomy of coronary vessels and anemic syndrome. The authors demonstrated how a reasonable assessment of the risks and benefits of invasive and medically-oriented coronary vasculitis reperfusion resulted to a favorable outcome in a patient with increased risk of fatal cardiovascular complications.
Keywords: myocardial infarction, anemic syndrome, complex anatomy of coronary vessels.
1. Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal. 2012;33(20):2551–67. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs184. 2. O'Gara PT, Kushner FG, Ascheim DD, Casey DE Jr, Chung MK, de Lemos JA, Ettinger SM, Fang JC, Fesmire FM, Franklin BA, Granger CB, Krumholz HM, Linderbaum JA, Morrow DA, Newby LK, Ornato JP, Ou N, Radford MJ, Tamis-Holland JE, Tommaso JE, Tracy CM, Woo YJ, Zhao DX. ACCF/AHA Guideline for the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction: executive summary: a report of the american college of cardiology foundation. American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2013;127(4):529–55. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182742c84. 3. Steg PG, James SK, Atar D, Badano LP, Blömstrom-Lundqvist C, Borger MA, Di Mario C, Dickstein K, Ducrocq G, Fernandez-Aviles F, Gershlick AH, Giannuzzi P, Halvorsen S, Huber K, Juni P, Kastrati A, Knuuti J, Lenzen MJ, Mahaffey KW, Valgimigli M, van 't Hof A, Widimsky P, Zahger D. ESС Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation. European Heart Journal. 2012;33(20):2569–619. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs215. 4. Mohr FW, Davierwala PM. ESC/EACTS guidelines on myocardial revascularization post-SYNTAX. European Journal of Cardio- Thoracic Surgery. 2014;46(4):511–3. DOI: 10.1093/ejcts/ezu346. 5. Cequier Á, Maroto LC, Alfonso F, Barrabés J, Cánovas S, Carnero M, Fernandez-Ortiz A, Sabaté M, Sanchis J, Reyes G, Alegría E, Arós F, Cuenca J, Díaz J, Lidón RM, Gude M, Lozano I, Ruiz-Nodar JM, de la Torre JM, Pan M, Sanchez-Recalde Á, Anguita M, Badimón L, Barrabés J, Cequier Á, Comín J, Fernández-Lozano I, Pan M, Padial LR, Sánchez PL, Román AS, de Diego JJ. Comments on the 2014 ESC/ EACTS Guidelines on Myocardial Revascularization. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia. 2015;68(2):92-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2014.12.004. 6. Lozhkina NG, Maksimov VN, Kuimov AD, Ragino YuI, Voevoda MI. Multifactor predicting of long-term outcomes of acute coronary syndrome with persistent ST-segment elevation. Russian Journal of Cardiology. 2015;(9):25-31. (In Russian). 7. Aronson D. Subgroup analyses with special reference to the effect of antiplatelet agents in acute coronary syndromes. Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 112(1):16-25. DOI: 10.1160/TH13-09-0801. 8. Windecker S, Kolh P, Alfonso F, Collet JP, Cremer J, Falk V, Filippatos G, Hamm C, Head SJ, Jüni P, Kappetein AP, Kastrati A, Knuuti J, Landmesser U, Laufer G, Neumann FJ, Richter DJ, Schauerte P, Sousa Uva M, Stefanini GG, Taggart DP, Torracca L, Valgimigli M, Wijns W, Witkowski A. 2014 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization: The Task Force on Myocardial Revascularization of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS)Developed with the special contribution of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI). European Heart Journal. 2014; 35(37):2541-619. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehu278. 9. Costa F, Ariotti S, Valgimigli M, Kolh P, Windecker S. Perspectives on the 2014 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on Myocardial Revascularization : Fifty Years of Revascularization: Where Are We and Where Are We Heading? Journal of Cardiovascular Transliational Research. 2015;8(4):211-20. DOI: 10.1007/s12265-015-9632-6. 10. Bonello L, Laine M, Puymirat E, Lemesle G, Thuny F, Paganelli F, Michelet P, Roch A, Kerbaul F, Boyer L. Timing of Coronary Invasive Strategy in Non-ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes and Clinical Outcomes: An Updated Meta-Analysis. JACC Cardiovascular Interventions. 2016;9(22):2267-76. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcin.2016.09.017.
Shesternya P.A., Vasileva A.O., Shkil L.M., Onishchenko S.B., Mikhailova K.M., Nikitina M.A.
SYNDROME TIETZE -INTERDISCIPLINARY CLINICAL CASE
Shesternya PA, Vasileva AO, Shkil LM, Onishchenko SB, Mikhailova KO, Nikitina MA. Syndrome Tietze – interdisciplinary clinical case. Siberian Medical Review. 2017;(2):112-116. DOI: 10.20333/2500136-2017-2-112-116.
Shesternya Pavel Anatolievich Cand.Med.Sc., Professor of the Department of Internal Diseases №1; Professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University; firstname.lastname@example.org
Vasileva Aleksandra Olegovna ; Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University; г. Красноярск, ул. Партизана Железняка, д. 1; тел.: +7(913)1806923; email: email@example.com
Shkil Lyudmila Mikhailovna ; I.S. Berzon Krasnoyarsk Interdistrict Clinical Hospital № 20; Российская Федерация, 660014, г. Красноярск, ул. Инстументальная, д. 12А; тел.: +7(913)0450163
Onishchenko Sergei Borisovich ; I.S. Berzon Krasnoyarsk Interdistrict Clinical Hospital № 20; г. Красноярск, ул. Инстументальная, д. 12 А; тел.: +7(913)5320052
Mikhailova Ksenia Mihaylova ; Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University; г. Красноярск, ул. Партизана Железняка, д. 1; тел.: +7(929)3392633; email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nikitina Margarita Aleksandrovna ; Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University; г. Красноярск, ул. Партизана Железняка, д. 1; тел.: +7(923)2926790; email: email@example.com
Pain in the chest is one of the most frequent complaints when seeking medical care. Moreover, diseases of the musculoskeletal system are the leading causes of pain in the anterior chest wall. Costochondritis and Tietze syndrome - inflammation of the rib-chest joints are not so rare, as undeservedly forgotten diseases. The article contains the own clinical case of the Tietze syndrome and an overview of current publications on this topic. Particular attention is paid to a multidisciplinary approach in differential diagnostics and verification of the diagnosis at an early stage
Keywords: Tietze syndrome, thoracalgia, osteochondritis
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